Jilin Facts

Jilin, a northeastern province in China, has 27.50 million people in 187,400 square km area, which borders North Korea and Russia to the east, Heilongjiang province to the north, Liaoning province to the south, and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region to the west.

Jilin has experienced a special time at the end of the Qing Dynasty, as the last Emperor P'u-I of Qing Dynasty established the Manchukuo Palace (1932-1945) in Changchun city with the help of Japanese invaders, for Japanese invaders conquered five provinces of Jilin, Heilongjiang, Liaoning, East part of Inner Mongolia, North part of Hebei, and needed a puppet regime to rule the occupied area for them.

Jilin Province’s capital is Changchun. Jilin province is rich in natural mineral deposits with 136 different types of minerals, of which 70 have already been extracted. As the traditional Chinese medicine resources, Jilin has approximately 27,000 kinds of wild plants and 9,000 kinds of medicinal herbs. Besides, Jilin is also rich in large reserves of oil, gas, coal, iron mine, nickel, molybdenum, talc, graphite, gypsum, cement rock, gold and silver etc.

Jilin is highest in altitude in the southeast, and drops gently towards the northwest. The highest peak is the 2691-meter-high Baiyun Peak of the Changbai Mountains, which run through the southeastern regions. Other mountain ranges include the Jilinhada Mountains, Zhang Guangcai Mountains, and Longgang Mountains.

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