Hubei Facts

Hubei is the central province in China with 60 million people live in 180,000 square km area. Hubei literally means north of the lake, and the lake refers to the Dong ting lake. The capital of Hubei province is Wuhan.

The abbreviation of Hubei is E(È), which is an ancient name associated with the eastern part of the province since the Qin dynasty. However, the popular name for Hubei is Chu(Chǔ) which is a powerful state of Chu that was conquered by Qin Dynasty later.

Hubei province borders Henan province to the north, Anhui province to the east, Jiangxi province to the southeast, Hunan province to the south, Chongqing municipality to the west, and Shaanxi province to the northwest. The world known Three Gorges Dam is located at Yichang City, in western Hubei province.

The west and the peripheries are most mountainous, such as Wudang Mountains, the Jingshan Mountains, the Daba Mountains, and the Wu Mountains etc, while the most of central and eastern parts are covered by Jianghan Plain. The Tongbai Mountains lie to the north on the border with Henan, the Mufu Mountains lies to the southeast on the border with Jiangxi and the Dabie Mountains lie to the northeast on the border with Henan and Anhui. The highest peak is the 3105 meter-high Shennong Peak which located in the Daba Mountains and in the forestry area of Shennongjia.

The two major river of Hubei are the Yangtze and its left tributary Hanshui; they give their name to the Jianghan Plain.

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