Shaanxi Facts

Shaanxi province locates in the central part of Mainland China, and it includes portions of the Loess Plateau on the middle reaches of the Yellow River in addition to the Qinling Mountains across the southern part of this province. Shaanxi has always been regarded as one of the cradles of Chinese civilization. During a span of time over 1,000 years, 13 fedual dynasties established their capitals in Shaanxi province from the Zhou Dynasty to the Tang Dynasty. Furthermore, the province's principal city and current capital, Xi'an, is one of the four great ancient capitals of China and is the eastern terminus of the Silk Road, which leads to Europe, Arabia and Africa.

Shaanxi has well developed agriculture and stockbreeding. In agriculture, the main products are wheat, cotton, silk cocoon, and tobacco. The main industries include coal, machinery, textile, electronics and chemistry, etc. the flax of this province is the important cash crop, besides, the coal reserve of this province ranks the top in China.

In the long China history, Shaanxi province has been always the central areas of ancient civilization of China. So this province is really rich in human relics and scenic spots, such as the Mausoleum of the Yellow Emperor in ancient times, the Mausoleum of the First Emperor of the Qin Dynasty (221-206BC), tomb figures of terra-cotta warriors and horses, the Great Wall, Xi'an City Wall, Forest of Steles, the Tower of Big Goose, the Banpo Museum, Huashan Mountain, Zhongnan Mountain, Taibai Mountain, and the Hukou Waterfall, etc. Moreover, Yan’sn in the northern Shaanxi was the seat of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party from October 1935 to 1948.

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