Yunnan Facts

As a province located in the far southwest of the China, surrounded with mountainous areas, and due to the complicated terrains, Yunnan has more than 17,000 species of higher plants in over 600 rivers and lakes and rich water power, mineral resources.

With more than 45.7 million people live in 394,000 square kilometers, Yunnan has 34% ethnic people in 15 minorities includes Yi, Dai, Zhuang, Hani, Lisu, Wa, Naxi,Pumi, Nu, Dulong etc, and borders Burma, Laos, and Vietnam to the south with the capital is Kunming.

Yunnan borders Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and Guizhou Province in the east, Sichuan Province in the north, and Tibet Autonomous Region in the northwest. Moreover, Yunnan shares a border of 4,060 km with Burma in the west, Laos in the south, and Vietnam in the southeast.

The terrain of Yunnan is largely mountainous, especially in the north and west. The northern part of Yunan forms part of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau. With series of high mountain chains spreads across the province, there is a distinct canyon region located to the west among the mountain chains.

Yunnan is the source of two rivers, the Xi River (there known as the Nanpan and Hongshui) and the Yuan River. Besides, the major rivers in Yunnan flow through the deep valleys between the mountains. The Hongshui is a principal source stream of the Xi River. Flowing for 345 km, it unites with the Yu River at Guiping to form what eventually becomes the Xi River.

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